The most universally recognized symbol of Jerusalem is not a Jewish or Christian holy place but a Muslim one: the Dome of the Rock. When people see its golden dome rising above the open expanse of al-Masjid al-Aqsa, they think of only one place in the world.
There is an often quoted statement of Muslim historian al-Muqaddasi on the reason for the building of Dome of the Rock. Al-Muqaddasi asked his uncle why al-Walid spent spent so much money on the building of the mosques in Damascus. The uncle answered:
The Dome of the Rock is Jerusalem's answer to Paris' Eiffel Tower, Rome's St. Peter's Square, London's Big Ben and Kuala Lumpur's Petronas towers; dazzling the minds of Muslims and non-Muslims alike. The Dome of the Rock is Jerusalem.O my little son, thou has no understanding. Verily al-Walid was right, and he was prompted to a worthy work. For he beheld Syria to be a country that had long been occupied by the Christians, and he noted there are beautiful churches still belonging to them , so enchantingly fair, and so renowned for their spendour, as are the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, and the Churches of Lydda and Edessa. So he sought to build for the Muslims a mosque that should be unique and a wonder to the world. And in like manner is it not evident that `Abd al-Malik, seeing the greatness of the martyrium [Qubbah] of the Holy Sepulchre and its magnificence was moved lest it should dazzle the minds of Muslims and hence erected above the Rock the Dome which is now seen there.
The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, situated on the holy city, undoubtedly one of the most celebrated and most remarkable monuments of early Islam, visited every year by thousands of pilgrims and tourists. Unfortunately, it has also attracted the polemics from the non-Muslims and more so from the Christian missionaries. We aim to discuss some of them here.
The Arabic Islamic Inscriptions On The Dome Of The Rock In Jerusalem, 72 AH.Relevant Material
The inscriptions on the Dome of the Rock can be rightly called as the "big-daddy" of all the first century Islamic inscriptions. Built by Umayyad Caliph `Abd al-Malik, these inscriptions have copious amount of Qur'anic verses.The Copper Plaque Inscriptions At The Dome Of The Rock In Jerusalem, 72 AH.
The Arabic inscriptions in copper plaques at the eastern entrance and the northern portal of the Dome of the Rock are not as well known as the ones inscribed inside the Dome of the Rock. Inscribed by the Umayyad Caliph `Abd al-Malik, these inscriptions have five Qur'anic verses quoted partially.Did `Abd al-Malik Build Dome Of The Rock To Divert The Hajj From Makkah?
The Qiblah Of Early Mosques: Jerusalem Or Makkah?
- The Bias & Inaccuracies Of The Historians
- A "Political Suicide" For `Abd al-Malik
- Al-Zuhri - The Man Behind The Hajj To Dome Of The Rock?
Prophet Muhammad's Night Journey To Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa - The Farthest Mosque
- A Case Study Of Orientation Of Early Mosques At Wasit, Baghdad, Kufa & Fustat (Cairo)
- Astronomical Orientation Of Ka`bah
- Jacob Of Edessa On Qiblah Of Muslims
- Early Mosques In Negev: How Were They Oriented?
- The Qiblah Is Between The East & The West: Finding Qiblah According To Islamic Tradition
- Determination Of The Qiblah From Earliest Times
Forgotten Witness: Evidence For The Early Codification Of The Qur'an, Estelle Whelan, Journal Of The American Oriental Society, 1998, Volume 118, No. 1, pp. 1-14.
- What Is A Masjid?
- Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa: A Place For Prostration For Jews
- Yet Another Problem!
- Appendix: Who Turned The Temple Mount Into A Garbage Dump?
This article discusses the Umayyad inscriptions on Dome of the Rock among others to show that the Qur'an was already codified before the construction of Dome of the Rock.